Paul Krugman: Know-Nothings for the 21st Century
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Know-Nothings for the 21st Century, by Paul Krugman, NY Times: These days calling someone a "know-nothing" could mean one of two things..., you might be comparing that person to a member of the Know Nothing party of the 1850s, a bigoted, xenophobic, anti-immigrant group that at its peak included more than a hundred members of Congress and eight governors. More likely, however, you're suggesting that said person is willfully ignorant, someone who rejects facts that might conflict with his or her prejudices.
The sad thing is that America is currently ruled by people who fit both definitions. ...
The parallels between anti-immigrant agitation in the mid-19th century and Trumpism are obvious. ...
After all, Ireland and Germany, the main sources of that era's immigration wave, were the shithole countries of the day. Half of Ireland's population emigrated in the face of famine, while Germans were fleeing both economic and political turmoil. Immigrants ... were portrayed as drunken criminals if not subhuman. They were also seen as subversives: Catholics whose first loyalty was to the pope. A few decades later..., immigration ... of Italians, Jews and many other peoples inspired similar prejudice.
And here we are again..., there are always new groups to hate.
But today's Republicans ... aren't just Know-Nothings, they're also know-nothings. The range of issues on which conservatives insist that the facts have a well-known liberal bias just keeps widening.
One result of this embrace of ignorance is a remarkable estrangement between modern conservatives and highly educated Americans... Remarkably, a clear majority of Republicans now say that colleges and universities have a negative effect on America. ...
Think of where we'd be as a nation if we hadn't experienced those great waves of immigrants driven by the dream of a better life. Think of where we'd be if we hadn't led the world, first in universal basic education, then in the creation of great institutions of higher education. Surely we'd be a shrunken, stagnant, second-rate society.
And that's what we'll become if modern know-nothingism prevails. ...
Trumpism is as an attempt to narrow regional disparities, not by bringing the lagging regions up, but by cutting the growing regions down. For that's what attacks on education and immigration, key drivers of the new economy's success stories, would do.
So will our modern know-nothings prevail? I have no idea. What's clear, however, is that if they do, they won't make America great again — they'll kill the very things that made it great.
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